Health is an inclusive state of mental, physical and social well-Being where infirmity and illness are absent. A number of definitions have been applied to the concept over the years. According to one school of thought, health is subjective and can be improved by changing one’s behavior and attitude. According to another, it is the quality of being able to handle one’s own body, whether through food intake, exercise or through appropriate care and protection. Others believe that health is equivalent to the absence of disease or disability, and one’s level of health depends on the quality of the community and surrounding.
One way to improve the quality of health in the US is to address the disparity in health between racial and ethnic groups. According to the American Heart Association, health disparities can result from differences in diet, lifestyle, genetics and environment. These definitions are used as a guiding principle in designing public health programs. The challenge is to design health programs that take these health disparities into account and offer better services to all individuals, regardless of their background and circumstances.
Health promotion and disease prevention programs focus on addressing the root causes of health problems. An integrated whole-person approach is used to counter the multiple risk factors that contribute to the development of chronic diseases. The program focuses on improving overall health, preventing disease, improving productivity, reducing cost and improving the quality of life. Prevention is better than treatment because, according to the Chronic Disease Management Association, “the best cure is prevention”.
Programs may include comprehensive screenings for high blood pressure, diabetes, depression, obesity, smoking and other chronic illnesses, preventive screenings for cancer and other diseases, and comprehensive health insurance programs to provide coverage for catastrophic medical expenses. It is estimated that almost thirty million people without health insurance will receive treatment this year for conditions that would be treatable with regular health care. More people are diagnosed with chronic conditions every year, causing health disparities in treatment and outcomes.
Another major component of effective public health programs is healthy foods and healthy behaviors. Healthy behaviors include maintaining a regular exercise program, replacing tobacco and alcohol use with safer alternatives, eating healthy foods and getting routine checkups. Environmental factors such as air pollution, household chemicals, household dust, pesticides, and food packaging can all have an effect on your health. Researchers have found that exposure to excessive noise and excessive sun exposure can have an impact on your physical and mental well-being, contributing to both unhealthy behaviors and health disparities. Several studies have looked at the impact of living in areas with higher levels of toxins on participants’ physical and mental health.
According to the American Heart Association, the definition of a Healthy Life is “a balanced mixture of physical activities, good nutrition, and a rich variety of foods rich in nutrients.” The third definition of “Health” provided by the American Heart Association has several additional requirements. It states that the individual must “exercise regularly” and “actively seek to reduce the risk for disease.” In addition, the individual must be “able to change his or her diet” and “maintain a reasonable balance between diet and physical activity.” In order to meet these requirements, you may want to consider incorporating more fruits and vegetables into your daily meals. The healthier your diet, the better the chances are of feeling and performing your best, which can lead to a longer life and reduced risk for disease and disability.